- The total population of Uganda was 36, 600,000 million.
- 55% of the population was below 18 years in 2014.
- The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) was 5.4 children. (UDHS 2016)
- High unmet need for family planning of 28%
- Low contraceptive use of 39%
- High desired family size of 5.7 for men and 4.8 for women
- High teenage pregnancy of 25%
- Male sex preference by couples.
- Infant mortality was 43 births per live 1000 births (UDHS 2016)
- Under five mortality was 64 births per 1000 live births (UDHS 2016)
- Maternal mortality was 368/100,000 live births in 2012 (UDHS 2016)
Causes of child mortality
- Birth related (more than 1/3 of the infant deaths as high risk)
- Preventable diseases (malaria, diarrhoea, measles, pnuemonia)
- Low full immunisation
Major causes of maternal mortality
- Severe bleeding
- Unsafe abortion
- Obstructed Labour
- Urbanisation population growth rate was at 25%. (2014 NPHC)
- Internal migration rates in 2005/2006 were 20%, international migrates constituted 0.2% of the total population
- Reasons for migration include: search for employment 28%, marriage 15%, insecurity 26%, join family 15%, education 9%, others 7%
- Total labour force increased from 8.8 million people in 2012 to 10 million people in 2017
- Unemployment rate was 9% in 2012. The rate in urban areas was 10% & 8%in rural areas (2014 NPHC)
- Majority 80% of the population was involved in agriculture
- 94% of households used firewood or charcoal for cooking. (2014 NPHC)
- 20% of the households had access to electricity in 2014
- 8% of the households had no access to a toilet facility in 2014
Welfare and poverty
- Poverty trends in Uganda have been reducing since in 2009. In 2009, poverty stood at 24.5 %, and, in 2012, it reduced to 19.7%. However, in 2017, we are experiencing a reverse trend where, 27% of Ugandans live below the poverty. (UNHS 2017).