Key facts on Uganda’s Population
Population Counter

37,700,000

Population size

  • The total population of Uganda was 36, 600,000 million. 
  • 55% of the population was below 18 years in 2014.
  • The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) was 5.4 children. (UDHS 2016)

Why the Fertility is high

  • High unmet need for family planning of 28%
  • Low contraceptive use of 39%
  • High desired family size of 5.7 for men and 4.8 for women
  • High teenage pregnancy of 25%
  • Male sex preference by couples.

Morbidity and mortality

  • Infant mortality was 43 births per live 1000 births (UDHS 2016)
  • Under five mortality was 64 births per 1000 live births (UDHS 2016)
  • Maternal mortality was 368/100,000 live births in 2012 (UDHS 2016)

Causes of child mortality

  • Birth related (more than 1/3 of the infant deaths as high risk)
  • Preventable diseases (malaria, diarrhoea, measles, pnuemonia)
  • Malnutrition
  • Low full immunisation

Major causes of maternal mortality

  • Severe bleeding
  • Infections
  • Unsafe abortion
  • Eclampsia
  • Obstructed Labour

Urbanisation

  • Urbanisation population growth rate was at 25%.  (2014 NPHC)

Migration

  • Internal migration rates in 2005/2006 were 20%, international migrates constituted 0.2% of the total population
  • Reasons for migration include: search for employment 28%, marriage 15%, insecurity 26%, join family 15%, education 9%, others 7%

Labour

  • Total labour force increased from 8.8 million people in 2012 to 10 million people in 2017
  • Unemployment rate was 9% in 2012. The rate in urban areas was 10% & 8%in rural areas (2014 NPHC)
  • Majority 80% of the population was involved in agriculture

Household characteristics

  • 94% of households used firewood or charcoal for cooking. (2014 NPHC)
  • 20% of the households had access to electricity in 2014
  • 8% of the households had no access to a toilet facility in 2014

Welfare and poverty

  • Poverty trends in Uganda have been reducing since in 2009. In 2009, poverty stood at 24.5 %, and, in 2012, it reduced to 19.7%. However, in 2017, we are experiencing a reverse trend where, 27% of Ugandans live below the poverty. (UNHS 2017).